भारतीयों व विदेशियों द्वारा किया गया खोज/निर्माण

विदेशियों द्वारा की गई खोज/निर्माण

1. मोबाइल फोन
2. Facebook
3. WhatsApp
4. Email
5. Fan (पंखा)
6. जहाज
7. रेलगाड़ी
8. रेडियो
9. टेलीविजन
10. कम्प्यूटर
11. चीप (Memory Card)
12. कागज
13. प्रिंटर
14. वाशिंग मशीन
15. AC
16. फ्रीज
17. संविधान
18. चंद्रमा
19. ग्रह
20. पृथ्वी की आकृति
21. दूरबीन
22. सैटेलाइट
23. चुम्बक
24. घर्षण, गुरुत्वाकर्षण, न्यूटन के नियम
25. रोबोट
26. मैट्रो रेल
27. बुलेट ट्रेन
28. परमाणु बम, हाइड्रोजन बम
29. जल में अणु
30. बैंक का निर्माण

आदि-आदि और भी न जाने कितने ही ऐसे कार्य जिनकी शुरुआत विदेशों से हुई जिनको फॉलो करते हुए अन्य देश तरक्की की राह पर अग्रसर है!

भारतीयों की खोज/निर्माण

1. भूत-प्रेत
2. राक्षस/ चुड़ैल
3. आत्मा
4. आध्यात्मिक शक्ति
5. अनेक देवी-देवता जिनकी अलग-अलग दिन पूजा
6. सभी देवी-देवताओं के पास अलग-अलग प्रकार की शक्ति जैसे :- अनाज की देवी, धन की देवी, शिक्षा की देवी, मजदूर(कामगार) की देवी, भूत-प्रेत से बचाने वाले देवी-देवता, ग्रहों की दिशा बदलने वाले/प्रकोप दूर करने वाले आदि
7.अनेक व्रत/उपवास
8. सर्वाधिक मंदिरों का निर्माण
9. सर्वाधिक आध्यात्मिक गुरु
10. मंत्र/उपवास से इलाज करने वाले डाक्टर
11. मन चाहा प्यार, नौकरी, व्यापार में घाटा, गृह क्लेश, वशीकरण आदि का समाधान
12. शिक्षा में विज्ञान एवं महापुरुषों के योगदान की जगह आध्यात्मिक (गीता) शिक्षा
13. बाल विवाह
14. सती प्रथा
15. जाति वर्ग
16. शिक्षा, व्यापार का एकाधिकार
17. वैज्ञानिकता को आध्यात्मिकता से जोड़ना
18. मानव जाति का मुख्य वर्ग स्त्री को अधिकार देने पर हंगामा
19. आदि-आदि

प्रस्तुतकर्ता : सिकन्दर कुमार मेहता

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The word God is the product of human weakness

The word God is the product of human weakness

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In January of 1954, just a year before his death, Albert Einstein wrote the following letter to philosopher Erik Gutkind after reading his book, “Choose Life: The Biblical Call to Revolt“, and made known his views on religion. Apparently Einstein had only read the book due to repeated recommendation by their mutual friend Luitzen Egbertus Jan Brouwer. The letter was bought at auction in May 2008, for £170,000; unsurprisingly, one of the unsuccessful bidders was Richard Dawkins.

Translated transcript follows.

(Source: David Victor; Image: Albert Einstein,via.)

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Translated Transcript

Princeton, 3. 1. 1954

Dear Mr Gutkind,

Inspired by Brouwer’s repeated suggestion, I read a great deal in your book, and thank you very much for lending it to me. What struck me was this: with regard to the factual attitude to life and to the human community we have a great deal in common. Your personal ideal with its striving for freedom from ego-oriented desires, for making life beautiful and noble, with an emphasis on the purely human element. This unites us as having an “unAmerican attitude.”

Still, without Brouwer’s suggestion I would never have gotten myself to engage intensively with your book because it is written in a language inaccessible to me. The word God is for me nothing more than the expression and product of human weakness, the Bible a collection of honorable, but still purely primitive, legends which are nevertheless pretty childish. No interpretation, no matter how subtle, can change this for me. For me the Jewish religion like all other religions isan incarnation of the most childish superstition. And the Jewish people to whom I gladly belong, and whose thinking I have a deep affinity for, have no different quality for me than all other people. As far as my experience goes, they are also no better than other human groups, although they are protected from the worst cancers by a lack of power. Otherwise I cannot see anything “chosen” about them.

In general I find it painful that you claim a privileged position and try to defend it by two walls of pride, an external one as a man and an internal one as a Jew. As a man you claim, so to speak, a dispensation from causality otherwise accepted, as a Jew the privilege of monotheism. But a limited causality is no longer a causality at all, as our wonderful Spinoza recognized with all incision, probably as the firstone. And the animistic interpretations of the religions of nature are in principle not annulled by monopolization. With such walls we can only attain a certain self-deception, but our moral efforts are not furthered by them. On the contrary.

Now that I have quite openly stated our differences in intellectual convictions it is still clear to me that we are quite close to each other in essential things, i.e; in our evaluations of human behavior. What separates us are only intellectual “props” and “rationalization” in Freud’s language. Therefore I think that we would understand each other quite well if we talked about concrete things.

With friendly thanks and best wishes,

Yours,

A. Einstein

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Meet The Man Who Is Fighting The Superstitions In The Society And Trying To Bring Rationality

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Narendra Nayak Pic- The Logical Indian

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Narendra Nayak is a well-known rationalist, intellectual, and Godman debunker from Mangalore, Karnataka.
He is the current president of the Federation of Indian Rationalist Association (FIRA) .
He conducts workshops around the country to promote scientific thinking while also showing the participants how to identify frauds spreading misinformation in the name of religion.
To promote this thought, he founded Nirmukta .

The objectives as presented on their website are.

*.To provide a platform for the freethought and secular humanist community in India and South Asia.

*.To promote a naturalistic life philosophy as a moral and fulfilling alternative to religion and spirituality.

*.To promote secular humanism, equality, social justice, communal harmony and human rights.

*.To promote scientific literacy and to fight against pseudo-science.

*.To consciously work towards building a culture of secularism, and promote a secular public policy keeping with our constitution.

The Logical Indian spoke to Narendra Nayak about secularism, uniform civil code, and much more.

Here are the excerpts of the interview.

How did you come about forming Nirmukta?

Ten years ago, a friend contacted me, saying we should open a website to promote rationalism and logic. I was sceptical about the usefulness about creating a website to spread the message.
Initially, the site was only about my travels and experiences. Later, it became more independent and developed an identity of its own. Today, Nirmukta is a bustling platform of informed debate and discussion on virtually every topic.

What is your opinion on Jalikattu?

I have no take on it as such since I haven’t researched on the essentials of this question. But I feel that cruelty to animals should not be tolerated in any manner.

Should India adopt a uniform civil code?

Definitely. Secularism mandates a uniform civil code. That is a matter of principle. At the same time, we should keep in mind that the implementation of a uniform civil code will pose its challenges.
For example, how will a UCC be implemented in the North-east where civil law is essentially a matter of local beliefs and tribal traditions? So we have to be prepared to meet these challenges.

What, according to you, is secularism?

The total separation of religion and State. A Government should not support any religion; it should distance itself from religion indulgences.
This by no means makes a State anti-religion; it makes it a modern State.

The indoctrination of children to the religion of their family is a topic we rarely discuss.
What is your view on it?

Allocating religious beliefs based onthe accident of birth does not makeany logical sense.

A child should beallowed to make his or her choice when they are able. This is particularly true for Indian society where knowledge is primarily a factor of experience.

How can we counter the indoctrination of children?

Fifteen years ago, we had proposeda Bill to identify true secularism, essentially a statement by the State saying it would not play a role in religion. It, of course, failed.
If you have a political system that thrives on religion and blind belief, how can you counter the indoctrination of children in the first place?

How free should free speech be?

In principle, completely. However, we must penalise speech that directly incites violence. But other kinds of speech should not be banned in my opinion.
Take blasphemous speech, for instance. The very concept of criminalising blasphemous speech is irrational. You are saying that people should be punished for seemingly having issues with what they believe is a non-existent entity. This is not right. They should be allowed to speak about what they believe exists and does not exist. Free speech is the basis of a civilised society. Without it, we descend to fascism and disorder.

Should we tax religious institutions?

Definitely. All religious institutions are a form of business. We should suitably tax all religious institutions – temples, mosques, churches, all of them.

What is the biggest challenge that the world faces today?

Economic inequality and the rise of different kinds of fundamentalism.

What is the biggest challenge that India faces today?

The same that the world faces I would say.

If you were to give a piece of advice to India’s youth, what would it be?

“Let’s learn to be human beings first.”

• This is a guest post originally posted by Sudhanva Shetty on The Logical Indian .

Brought To You By : Sikandar Kumar Mehta

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[कविता] : धर्म

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नफरत हिंसा द्वेष घृणा का ढूंढा तो आधार धर्म ।
जितना खून बहा है जग में उसका भी आधार धर्म ।
विश्व विवादों की जा जड़ में देखा तो आधार धर्म ।
भूख गरीबी और शोषण का इनका भी आधार धर्म ।
आतंकवाद का पहन के चोला करता नरसंहार धर्म ।
रूढिवाद पाखंडवाद पाषाणवाद का खोल धर्म ।
छल प्रपंच का जाल रचाकर ठगने का ब्यापार धर्म ।
सारे पाप माफ हो जाते लगता यह पचनोल धर्म ।
पोप पुजारी जी को करता देखो मालामाल धर्म ।
आंख के अंधे भक्त गणों को करता यह कंगाल धर्म ।
स्वर्ग नरक भगवान भाग्य का फैला यह भ्रमजाल धर्म ।
तीर्थ और ब्रत में जा देखा पोपो की हर चाल धर्म ।
गांधी को गोली से उडाया इसका भी आधार धर्म ।
ईसा को सूली पे चढाया इसका भी आधार धर्म ।
दयानन्द को जहर पिलाया इसका भी आधार धर्म ।
मोहम्मद साहब को भी सताया इसका भी आधार धर्म ।
किया अहिल्या का मुंह काला इसका भी आधार धर्म ।
एकलव्य का कटा अंगूठा इसका भी आधार धर्म ।
सति बृन्दा के सत को लूटा इसका भी आधार धर्म ।
फिर बचा कौन दुष्कर्म जगत में न जिसका आधार धर्म ।
मंदिर मस्जिद बैर बढाते इतना तो शैतान धर्म ।
इनसे तो अच्छी मधुशाला इतना तो बदनाम धर्म ।
तर्क इसे न अच्छा लगता अक्ल पे ताला पड़ा धर्म ।
सुंदर सुघर सलोना मुखड़ा दिल का काला किन्तु धर्म ।
ढोंगी और पाखंडी कहते हिंदू सिक्ख इस्लाम धर्म ।
संत फकीर सभी यह कहते ईसा मूसा राम धर्म ।
ज्ञानी ध्यानी सव जन कहते वेद पुरान कुरान धर्म ।
सौ बातों की बात एक है मानव का इंसान धर्म ।
कोई कहता है आचार धर्म कोई कहता है ब्यवहार धर्म ।
पर मेरी समझ में यह आया बस मानव का उपकार धर्म ।
मानव सेवा ईश्वर सेवा मानवता ही है सार धर्म ।
कबिरा ने सिखाया प्यार धर्म बरना आडम्बर यार धर्म ।

– Yadunandan Lal Lodhi

प्रस्तुतकर्ता सिकन्दर कुमार मेहता

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11 New Year’s Eve Superstitions You Probably Do Each YearThe fun and strange customs we do every year

​(Image: iStock.com/Warren_Pr)
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New Year’s Eve is a time of reflection and celebration. This is also the time when we tend to engage in age-old traditions and rituals, regardless of whether we consider ourselves to be superstitious or not. Some of these superstitions are fun while others are just weird. However, they all tend to be done in the belief that it will ensure a year of good fortune.
Here are 11 commonly practiced New Year’s Eve customs that we find ourselves doing every year.

Kissing at midnight

Couples and singles alike pucker up at 12 a.m. New Year’s Day believing that kissing someone at midnight will result in a lavish love life all year long. According to those who practice this delightful custom, if you don’t get kissed, then you’ll have bad luck in love.

A plate of black-eyed peas with a side of good luck

Many people usher in the New Year with a plate of black-eyed peas, collard greens, and cornbread. Supposedly, the peas represent good luck and the greens represent money. The peas, often served over rice, can be seasoned with ham hock, bacon, onions, or salt and pepper. Regardless of how you make it, this is a long-lived Southern tradition that will leave you full and satisfied!

What you do at New Year’s determines how you’ll spend the year

Many believe that what you’re doing at either the stroke of midnight or on New Year’s Day will set the tone for what you’ll be doing all year. That means, if you’re partying, then you should expect to have a good time all year long. If you’re working out, then you’ll probably have a year of fitness.

Get dressed up with something new

New Year’s Eve gives us another reason to get dressed up and buy a new outfit. It is also believed that wearing something new on Jan. 1 will increase the likelihood that you will receive more new garments throughout the year.

Clean your home

Because the New Year represents a fresh new start, many spend Dec. 31 giving their home a good cleaning while getting rid of the trash and clutter.

Walking in

It is believed that you’ll have good luck if the first person to walk into your home in the New Year is a good-looking man.

12 grapes

In the Latino community, the New Year is welcomed in with a bowl of grapes becauseit’s believed that eating 12 grapes will bring you good luck for each month of the new year.

Wear red or yellow underwear

Another common Latino New Year’s Eve ritual is to wear red in order to ensure you have a healthy love life. The yellow underwear, however, is said to grant a year of happiness and prosperity.

Hold back your tears

Some cultures believe that the worst thing to do on New Year’s is to cry because it will cause you to shed tears and feel sad for an entire year.

Make some noise

Ever wonder why people blow whistles and make noise when the clock strikes 12? This custom is rooted in the superstition that loud noise will ward off evil spirits and thoughts.

Get your finances in order

Right before the New Year, many people willpay outstanding bills and settle debts believing that doing so will grant them luck in their finances. On the other hand, it is also believed that paying back loans or lending money on New Year’s Day guarantees you’ll be paying out all year.

Source – Black enterprise 

Brought To You By : Sikandar Kumar Mehta

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Hyderabad: Superstition led to man’s murder

Police said that Devendra Prasad Misra’s brothers beat him to death as they believed tha the was possessed by a demon.
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Devendra Prasad had been reportedly behaving erratically inrecent days as he developed psychological problems.

Hyderabad : The investigation into the murder of Devendra Prasad Misra, a security guard at an MNC in Madhapur, revealed that his brothers beat him to death as they believed that he was possessed by a demon.

Devendra Prasad had been reportedly behaving erratically in recent days as he developed psychological problems. He had claimed that he killed his mother and would kill his brothers also.

“All the four brothers were extremely superstitious and religious. They also had psychological problems. Devender Prasad suffered a serious mental disorder recently and had been visiting a Dargah in the city.He came back to their room in Madhapur and told his brothers that he was going to kill them. He claimed that he was a baba from ancient times, and had killed his own mother,” said inspector R. Kalinga Rao.

“It led to a fight. His three brothers, Birendra Prasad Misra, Mahendra Prasad Misra and Dharmendra Prasad Misra, who thought that a demon had possessed their brother, started hitting him with things available in the house.
They assaulted him till he collapsed. The victim tried to attack Dharmendra and inflicted an injury on his neck,” the inspector added. Police said the four brothers, who hail from MP, do not go to doctors. Instead they visit temples and Dargas.

Source : Deccan Chronicle

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नदियों में कैंसर फैला रहे हैं आस्था के सिक्के

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Don't throw coins into the river

हमारे देश में रोज नजाने कितनी रेलगाडियां न जाने कितनी नदियों को पार करती हैं और उनके यात्रियों द्वारा, सिक्के फेंकने के चलन के कारण, हर रोज नदियों में लाखों सिक्के फेंके जा रहे हैं।

पहला सवाल तो यही है कि अगर इस तरह हर रोज भारतीय मुद्रा ऐसे ही फेंक दी जाती रही तो यह हमारी अर्थव्यवस्था को कितना नुकसान पहुँचाएगी ?

नदी में सिक्के फेंके जाने के इस गणित के बारे में पक्के तौर तो कोई अर्थशास्त्री ही बता सकता है। लेकिन एक रसायनज्ञ होने के नाते मैं  जरूर लोगों को बताना चाहूंगा कि धातु के ये सिक्के हमारी नदियों को कितना नुकसान पहुंचा रहे हैं।

दरअसल इन दिनों जो सिक्के बन रहे हैं उनमें 83% लोहा और 17 %  क्रोमियम होता है। आप यह जानकर हैरत में पड़ जाएंगे कि क्रोमियम एक भारी जहरीली धातु है। यह दो अवस्था में पाया जाता है, एक Cr (III) और दूसरी Cr (IV)।

पहली अवस्था जहरीली नहीं मानी गई है, जबकि क्रोमियम (IV) की दूसरी अवस्था यदि 0.05% प्रति लीटर से ज्यादा हो तो वह हमारे लिए जहर है। यह जहर सीधे कैंसर जैसी असाध्य बीमारी को जन्म देता है।

दरअसल सिक्के फेंकने का चलन उस समय शुरू हुआ था जब तांबे के सिक्के चला करते थे। बताया जाता है कि मुगलकाल में दूषित पानी से बीमारियां फैली थी तो, राजा ने  प्रजा के लिए ऐलान करवाया कि हर व्यक्ति अपने आसपास के जल स्रोत या जलाशयों में तांबे के सिक्के डाले। क्योंकि तांबा  जल को शुद्ध करने वाली सबसे अच्छी धातु है।

लेकिन आजकल के सिक्के नदी में फेकने से न तो नदी पर कोई उपकार हो रहा है और न ही उन सिक्कों का पानी को साफ करने की प्रक्रिया से कोई लेना देना है। उलटे वह उस पानी को और जहरीला और बीमारी पैदा करने वाला बना रहे हैं। वैसे भी यह सोचने वाली बात है कि जो नदी अपने पानी के कारण ही इतनी समृद्ध हो उसे हम एक-दो सिक्के फेंककर और क्या समृद्ध कर सकेंगे।

इसलिए जरूरी है कि आस्था के नाम नदियों में सिक्के फेंके जाने की यह परंपरा तत्काल बंद हो। इससे भारतीय मुद्रा को तो नुकसान हो ही रहा है, पहले से ही भारी प्रदूषण की शिकार हमारी नदियां और अधिक प्रदूषित हो रही हैं।

– डॉ. इकबाल मोदी

प्रस्तुतकर्ता : सिकन्दर कुमार मेहता

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